|Skin Advice: Managing Open Pores|
|Written by Irena Gavrilov|
Pores are the openings of hair follicles. Each one contains a sebaceous gland, which produces your skin's oils. The size of our pores is actually determined by genetics. When the pores become clogged with makeup, dirt and oils, they appear larger. This is also the main cause of blackheads and whiteheads. Loss of elasticity and aging of the skin can also make them appear larger.
The most ancient remedy for pores is to steam the skin. However, you can't steam pores open because they don’t have muscles around their opening to allow them to open and close. So it may help loosen up the underlying debris for easier removal of blackheads, but harsh extraction can cause scar tissue underneath the skin and over time, put you in danger of permanently enlarged pores. Gentle daily or weekly exfoliators and microdermabrasion performed by a professional aesthetician will not damage pores.
The key to smaller pours is to cleanse and exfoliate with quality skin care products that are also free of toxic chemicals. A gentle diamond tip microdermabrasion at least once every 2-3 weeks will cleanse the pores and over time, shrink them. Once desired results are achieved, this process should be followed once every 6-8 weeks.
If you have oily to combination skin, it is important not to use cleansers and creams that are thick or greasy, as this will cause more clogging. Use only gentle water-soluble cleansers and avoid bar soaps. On the other hand, dry flaky skin can also lead to clogged pores, so a weekly exfoliation and daily hydration with a moisture-rich product are necessary. It is very important to wash your face after exercising and before going to bed. Bacteria from sweat, dirt and makeup will contribute to breakouts and clogged pores regardless of your skin type.
Avoid makeup and skin care that has an ingredient called dimethicone, a silicone oil that puts a film on the skin like plastic wrap, which means the skin can't breathe and it also interferes with the skins natural oils and barrier. Also avoid talc, which often contains asbestos, which may cause serious health problems. It also gets caught inside the pores and enlarges them. Look for organic skin care products and makeup that are actually healing for the skin and over time can help reduce acne, breakouts, scaring and large pores!